Sahara climate changes migration trend have significant impacts on both human migration and population health, including infectious disease, Malaria as well as water Sanitation and Hygiene in sub-Sahara Africa.
Migration can reduce vulnerability to climate change, but it is critical to better understand and respond to health impacts – including infectious diseases, Malaria, water, sanitation and Hygiene - for migrant populations and host communities. . However there has been limited consideration of the intersections between migration and health in the context of a changing climate.
Figure below show the distribution of Malaria Intervention across IDPs and Migrant camp in sub-Sahara Africa:
The Research paper was conducted in a random sample scenario drawing resource from Institute of policy studies, Africa studies, WHO, International center for research and documentation in Nigeria.
The table below shows social determinant to Migration:
Climate change, shelter and Sanitation-related migration processes have significant impact in human health especially in threatening health outcomes, and specifically infectious disease and malaria, among migrants and host communities. In order to support migration as an adaptive response to climate change it is critical to better understand and respond to health impacts for migrant populations and host communities with a strategic frame-work.
Conclusion: This article tends to underscore that climate-change related migration - in conjunction with other drivers of migration – will contribute to changing profiles of infectious disease. It considers infectious disease risks for different climate-related migration pathways, including: forced displacement, slow-onset migration particularly to urban-poor areas, planned resettlement, and labor migration associated with climate change adaptation initiatives.
Keywords: climate change, displacement, health, infection, infectious disease, migration, mobility, population health, resettlement